With the early 2000s, the Israeli occupation authorities stepped up their closures of Palestinian institutions in Jerusalem, shutting down nine organizations between 2001 and 2002, including the Arab Studies Society. In 2009, 28 organizations were shut down in the city, including Orient House, whose activity, and that of other Palestinian institutions in the city, was barred through a law adopted by the Israeli Knesset in the wake of the Oslo agreements. Among the other institutions that were shut down that same year was a social and women’s affairs ministry directorate, the housing council, education directorate and Nidal center for community development.
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